Photo Credit: Kim Shiflett | NASA
The human race is currently prepping a manned mission to the moon after nearly 50 years. The renowned Apollo mission will soon be followed by another ambitious flight to the Earth’s natural satellite, the Artemis I, thanks to a group of experts and scientists at NASA.
Apollo’s identical twin sister is the inspiration for the Artemis program, which will travel to the moon and touch down there. The team is anticipated to travel through uncharted lunar terrain. But, looking ahead, NASA is optimistic that the Artemis missions will reach Mars’ surface.
Humans would, for the first time, learn what lies beneath the moon’s southern shadows. The Artemis mission seeks to locate a stable region where astronauts could stay for extended periods and will use its findings to inform future Mars exploration efforts.
On the moon’s surface, stable pits with stable temperatures that might support human life were found by NASA’s rover more than a month ago. Unfortunately, astronauts have had trouble spending much time on the moon’s surface because of its instability. However, NASA is optimistic that the Artemis I can accomplish its mission, given the discovery.
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The basic information on the Artemis I
On August 29, the Artemis will take off. The initial flight would be unmanned but monitored closely to ensure the safety of any potential humans entering the intended region. To develop measures and countermeasures to ensure the successful flight of the manned missions of Artemis II and Artemis III, NASA will oversee Artemis I operations and examine every factor.
According to NASA, Artemis II and Artemis III will be launched in 2024 and 2025, respectively, and will be based on the results of Artemis I.
This August 29 from Florida, the liftoff will start between 8:33 and 10:33 a.m. ET. Americans would travel to the Kennedy Space Center as anticipated to witness the spectacle of the mission’s launch.
The Orion spacecraft will help Artemis I reach its destination of 40,000 miles beyond the moon during its 42-day journey after takeoff. The journey, if successful, will go further than what Apollo has managed. As the path taken by Artemis I will be followed by the manned Artemis II, it is vital that NASA oversees the mission.
NASA is confident that Artemis I could make it
“As we embark on the first Artemis test flight, we recall this agency’s storied past, but our eyes are focused not on the immediate future but out there,” NASA Administrator Bill Nelson said.
“It’s a future where NASA will land the first woman and the first person of color on the moon. And on these increasingly complex missions, astronauts will live and work in deep space, and we’ll develop the science and technology to send the first humans to Mars.”
Based on all the information and data from the Apollo mission, the Space Launch Rocket System that will carry Artemis I to the moon was developed. The spacecraft could travel a thousand times farther on the rocket than the International Space Station does in low-Earth orbit. The Orion will be propelled by the rocket at a speed of up to 22,600 miles per hour.
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“It’s the only rocket that’s capable of sending Orion and a crew and supplies into deep space on a single launch,” said John Honeycutt, SLS program manager.
“It’s the powerhouse side of the vehicle where it’s got the primary propulsion, power and life support resources we need for Artemis I. Re-entry will be great to demonstrate our heat shield capability, making sure that the spacecraft comes home safely and, of course for future missions, protecting the crew,” added NASA’s Orion program manager, Howard Hu.
“Artemis I shows that we can do big things, things that unite people, things that benefit humanity — things like Apollo that inspire the world,” Nelson added. “And to all of us that gaze up at the moon, dreaming of the day humankind returns to the lunar surface: Folks, we’re here, we are going back, and that journey, our journey, begins with Artemis I.”